DONGUIBOGAM; Internal Bodily Elements 20. Lungs 肺臟 폐 (2) Treatment Methods for Lung Disease

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Written By Jun Heo(許浚, 1539~1615), Translated by Namil Kim, Wung Seok Cha et al., Published by Ministry of Health & Welfare (Korea)

09 Time and Day When Lung Disease Is Cured or Aggravated 肺病間甚 폐병이 낫거나 심해지는 때

① When the lungs are diseased, it will be cured in winter. If it is not cured in winter, it becomes worse in summer. If the person does not die in summer, it stays in the long summer and gets better in fall.

② lung disease is cured on the days of Yim and Gye (壬癸日). When it is not cured on the days of Yim and Gye (壬癸日), it gets worse on the days of Byeong and Jeong (丙丁日). When it is not cured on the days of Byeong and Jeong (丙丁日), it stays on the day of Mu and Gi (戊己日) and ameliorates on the days of Gyeong and Sin (庚辛日). ③ lung disease gets better at sunset, gets worse in the middle of the day, and becomes stable at night.

10 Treatment Methods for Lung Disease 肺病治法 폐병 치료법

① The lungs dislike the upflow of qi, so qi should be brought down with a bitter taste. The Annotation says, “lung qi flows upward because qi is remaining.” The lungs tend to contract, so it should be contracted with a sour taste. Tonify with a sour taste and purge with a hot taste.

② When the lungs suffer from the upflow of qi, Terminaliae Fructus (訶子皮) (some say Scutellariae Radix (黃芩)) should be used and when the lungs try to contract, Paeoniae Radix (白芍藥) should be used. The lungs should be tonified by a sour taste like Schisandrae Fructus (五味子). The lungs should be purged by a hot taste like Mori Cortex (桑白皮).

③ Take millet, chicken, peaches, and green onions for a lung disease. It is taking the original taste.

④ Take barley, lamb, apricots, and scallions for lung disease. This brings qi down by the bitter taste.

⑤ Avoid cold food and cold clothes in lung disease.

⑥ Prescribe Tonify Lungs Powder or Unaccompanied Ginseng Decoction (獨參湯) for lung deficiencies, and Drain White Powder or Ginseng Drain Lungs Decoction for lung excesses.

  • Tonify Lungs Powder 補肺散 보폐산: ① It is also called Ass Hide Gelatin Powder. It treats lung deficiencies. 2 don of Asini Corii Colla (阿膠珠), 1.2 don of Arctii Semen (牛蒡子) and waxy rice (roasted), 7 pun of Aristolochiae Fructus (馬兜鈴) (stir-fried), 5 pun of Glycyrrhizae Radix (甘草) (stir-fried) and 9 Armeniacae Semen (杏仁) (stir-fried with wheat bran). Cut these herbs to make 1 package. Boil with water. (Some say waxy rice is in fact millet).
  • Drain White Powder 瀉白散 사백산: This is also known as Drain the Lungs Powder. It treats lung excesses. 2 don of Mori Cortex (桑白皮) and Lycii Radicis Cortex (地骨皮), 1 don of Glycyrrhizae Radix (甘草). Cut these herbs to make 1 package. Boil with water. Adding Anemarrhenae Rhizoma (知母), Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (貝母), Platycodonis Radix (桔梗), Liriopis Tuber (麥門冬), and Rehmanniae Radix Crudus (生地黃) would be fine.
  • Ginseng Drain Lungs Decoction 人參瀉肺湯 인삼사폐탕: It treats excessive heat in the lungs. 7 pun of Scutellariae Radix (黃芩), Gardeniae Fructus (梔子), Aruantii Fructus Immaturus (枳殼), Menthae Herba (薄荷), Forsythiae Fructus (連翹), Armeniacae Semen (杏仁), Mori Cortex (桑白皮), Rhei Radix et Rhizoma (大黃) (steamed with alcohol), Platycodonis Radix (桔梗), and Glycyrrhizae Radix (甘草). Cut these drugs and make 1 package. Boil this with water.

11 Signs of the Exhaustion of Lung Qi 肺絶候 폐기가 끊어지려는 징후

① When hand greater yin qi is exhausted, the skin and hair dries. Greater yin circulates qi and warms the skin and hair. Therefore, when qi does not circulate properly, the skin and hair become dry. When skin and hair become dry, fluid and humor will diminish and the skin and joints will be damaged. When the skin and joints are damaged, finger nails and toe nails become dried and hairs get cut. The reason why hair is spontaneously cut is because it has expired. The person becomes worse on Byoung day and dies on Jeong day.

② When lung qi is exhausted, the person will die within 3 days. How do we know? We know this by the person opening the mouth (or the nose and the mouth opened powerlessly with dyspnea) and only exhaling without inhaling.

③ Damp hair due to sweating and dyspnea indicates the exhaustion of lung qi.

12 Cultivation and Nurturing of the Lungs 肺臟修養法 폐장의 수양법

Sit facing west in the dawn of the first day and fifteenth day of July, August, and September. Excercise the celestial drum 7 times and swallow saliva 3 times. After that, close the eyes and become calm. Inhale white qi of the west seven times. Hold the breath for 70 breathing times.

13 Guiding-pulling Exercises for the Lungs 肺臟導引法 폐장의 도인법

Sit straight and place both hands on the ground behind you. Arch the back, and lift the body above the ground five times. This will remove wind pathogens, stagnation, and tiredness in the person with lung disease. Also, tighten the fists and hit both sides of the vertebra three to five times. This will remove wind poison in the chest. Hold the breath for a long time and swallow the saliva with eyes closed. Click the upper and lower teeth against each other.

14 Simple Prescriptions 單方 단방

There are 22 kinds in total.

  • Muscovitum 雲母: ① It tonifies the lungs. ② Emulating Metal, Muscovitum is white in color, and enters the lungs. Grind and levigate before taking.
  • Ginseng Radix 人參: ① It tonifies yang qi in the lungs. ② Exhaustion of lung qi can cause the upflow of qi, phlegmy sound, dyspnea, and moving shoulders on breathing. Take Ginseng Paste, Unaccompanied Ginseng Decoction, or ground Ginseng Radix 5 ~ 6 times a day.
  • Asparagi Tuber 天門冬: It comforts lung qi. Decocted, ground, alcohol-soaked forms are all good.
  • Liriopis Tuber 麥門冬: ① It treats lung heat. ② Mix Liriopis Tuber (麥門冬), Ginseng Radix (人參) and Schisandrae Fructus (五味子) to make Generate Pulse Powder. It treats when qi is about to be exhausted due to latent Fire in the lungs.
  • Schisandrae Fructus 五味子: It contracts lung qi. Make into pills or tea and take all the time.
  • Adenophorae Radix 沙參: It tonifies lung qi. It tonifies yin qi in the lungs. Boil or season this and take all the time.
  • Scutellariae Radix 片黃芩: It treats lung heat. Pill, decocted, or ground forms are all good.
  • Asteris Radix 紫菀: It tonifies the lungs and cools the lungs. Boil this and take.
  • Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 貝母: It moistens the lungs. Mix with sugar to make pills. Melt or boil the pills before taking.
  • Platycodonis Radix 桔梗: It governs lung qi. It treats dyspnea due to lung heat. Ground or decocted forms are all beneficial.
  • Aristolochiae Fructus 馬兜鈴: It tonifies the lungs and treats dyspnea by removing heat. Decoct before taking.
  • Mori Cortex 桑白皮: It purges the lungs to remove water qi in the lungs. Decoct before taking.
  • Drabae Semen 葶藶子: It treats dyspnea due to blockages in the lungs. Boil 5 don of stir-fried Drabae Semen (葶藶子) with 5 dates and take.
  • Citrus Unshius Pericarpium 橘皮: It helps the circulation of lung qi and treats the counterflow of qi. Decoct or grind before taking.
  • Aruantii Fructus Immaturus 枳殼: It removes lung qi. Decoct or grind before taking.
  • Juglandis Semen 胡桃: It contracts lung qi to treat dyspnea. Take this all the time.
  • Mume Fructus Praeparatum 烏梅:It contract lungs qi. Take this as a tea.
  • Armeniacae Semen 杏仁: It treats a lung disease. It moistens dryness and spreads what is binded. Make into gruel to take.
  • Persicae Fructus 桃: It must be taken for a lung disease.
  • Panicis Semen Glutinosa 黍米: It must be taken for a lung disease. Cook in place of rice.
  • Bovis Lac / Milk 牛乳: It moistens and nurtures the lungs. Make milk gruel and take all the time.
  • Galli Ovum 雞子白: It moistens the lungs and brings heat down. Swallow in the raw state.









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